How to grow a good crop of onions
Onions - is not only useful, but also a medicinal plant. Gardeners grow onions in the turnip in several ways: from Seva, from black cumin, planting in the spring or before winter. However, the largest and earliest bulbs are obtained when planting before winter. In order to get a good crop, you need to know the features of this culture and not disrupt farming.
You will need:
- Onion-Onion; - Copper sulphate; - Organic fertilizers; - Mulch; - garden tools.
Instruction how to grow a good crop of onions
Choose a location for planting onions. Good fit light loamy soils. If your soil is acidic, before planting it should be limed. Do not put the onion in the place where previously grown lily (garlic or onion). The best precursors are those of culture, under which a large number were introduced organic fertilizers (tomatoes, early potatoes, cucumbers, zucchini). Do not put a bow in dark places windproof.
Form ridges. Well dig the soil and carefully select the weeds. Disinfect the ground copper sulfate solution (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). Pour the prepared ground at the rate of 2 liters of solution per 1 sq.m. Make the beds grooves depth of 5 cm at a distance of 15 cm from each other.
Prepare onion sets. Get your desired grade. Sort bulbs (suitable only those with a diameter less than 1.5 cm). Before planting treat fungal diseases of sevok special fungicide. Plant the bulbs in early October. Place them in the furrows at a distance of 3-4 cm from each other. Pour sevok peat-compost mixture.
Prepare a bed of onions for the winter. Before frost Zamulchiruyte bed of peat or sawdust layer of not less than 3 cm. This will save the small bulbs from freezing. In winter, they raised over a bed of snow.
In the spring, do not allow water stagnation in crop onions. Carefully Shovel podsypku-mulch. Not retarded with this procedure, as young onions arrows are very fragile. As soon as the friendly shoots, decimate them, leaving the distance between the bulbils 5-6 cm.
During the first half of the summer is well watered young onions. Spend 6-10 liters of water per 1 sq.m. Pour carefully, so as not to break the pen. Use only lukewarm water for irrigation. This will save from the disease onion downy mildew. At the time of planting weed young.
Over the summer, Feed the bow 2-3 times with organic fertilizers (bird droppings, mullein, or urea). When the pen reaches a height of 12-15 cm, make a preventive treatment against fungal diseases (1 tablespoon of liquid soap and copper oxychloride dissolved in 10 liters of water).
Once the onions stop forming new pen and start lodging - proceed to mass harvesting (early August). Dry bulbs in the sun 12-15 days. Cut off leaves and dosushit at a higher temperature - 30-35 C. Keep the onions in a dry place in boxes or baskets.