How to grow black currants
Black currant - capricious plant, which gives a good harvest only with proper and regular care. Despite all the difficulties in the cultivation, currant has a number of positive properties. The berries contain a lot of vitamins, but also from the leaves can make a delicious tea that will help cope with the disease.
Instruction how to grow black currants
Buy currant seedlings in a nursery or in a specialty store. Take the seedlings with undesirable hands. Choose high-yielding varieties and hardy, especially if you live in areas where there may be early frosts and cold winters. Make sure that the sapling "live", breaking a small twig. If you have worked and on-site demolition no juice, better give up the purchase.
Prepare a place to land. Choose a sunny and calm area on your garden. Dig holes measuring 50 cm in diameter and 30 cm in depth. The distance between the bushes should be 1-1, 5 meters. Soil humus soil (2.3 kg), superphosphate (20 g) and wood ash - is based on a well.
Pour the hole and start planting. Place evenly and sprinkle the roots of the bush land. Some gardeners plant currants at a slight incline, but it's your choice. Basically, not much difference. Re-pour young seedlings.
Currants fed about two times per season. In early spring, apply nitrogen fertilizer (20 g of urea per plant). Once finished flowering, watering mullein (1: 6).
Currants - water-loving plant, so water it several times a week. With a lack of water the leaves begin to fall off, the berries are much smaller. When watering lightly irrigated and green part to remove dust from the bush - it is not recommended during the flowering period.
Treat currants from pests. To combat mites using colloidal sulfur rate of 30 g per 10 liters of water. Against aphids, sawflies, gall midges use "Malathion" (5 g per 35 liters of water) or "Rovikurt" (5 g per 5 liters of water). Irrigated black currant 2 times per season to prevent or as pests.
Shape bush in early spring and late fall. Remove all dry and non-bearing branches using pruning shears. Do not leave more than 3-4 shoots.
Expect the appearance of the first fruit in the second year after planting, but they will be quite a bit. As the growth of bushes yield will rise. Approximately 6-8 years the volume of collected berries will start to decline, as well as their size. During this period, take care of planting young seedlings.