Does your child do BCG vaccination
Russian national immunization schedule includes a TB vaccine (BCG) in the first days of life of children. However, the anti-vaccination propaganda, widespread both in the world and in Russia, is bearing fruit. More and more parents refuse vaccinations, including those from BCG, is not always aware of the possible consequences of their decisions.
TB - an infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, in particular Koch wand and affects various organs: lungs, kidneys, lymph nodes, skin, intestine, bone. Tuberculosis can occur in an open form, potentially dangerous to others, and closed when the patient is practically not contagious. However, latent infection often spills over into the active mode. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 2 billion people worldwide are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although today the disease is successfully treated when detected early, it is better to have the same cellular immunity to prevent the development of disease, and to receive such protection is possible by means of BCG vaccination. BCG vaccination is designed to ensure an adequate immune response to tuberculosis pathogens. However, it is important to understand that not protect against disease by 100% as opposed to other BCG vaccines. The mechanism of its action consists in the production of antibodies that prevent the occurrence of serious and life-threatening forms of TB such as miliary or disseminated, as well as TB meningitis. In other words, and with the presence of BCG vaccination can get TB when in contact with a patient in an open form, poor social conditions, malnutrition, and other assumptions, but the likelihood of recovery will be higher than if you do not have immunity to mycobacteria. Opponents of BCG vaccination cited as justification of its position by the fact that many countries have abandoned the vaccination, as well as the view that tuberculosis threatened only socially disadvantaged citizens in general is rare. However, in Russia morbidity and mortality from tuberculosis is still sufficiently high on average 3 times higher than, for example, in European countries. The chance to meet with the infection is always and everywhere in the clinic, in a store, public transport and even on the playground. Therefore, the children do BCG vaccination on day 3-7 of life, to protect the weak and still not protected body baby from infection dangerous germs and reduce the risk of disease. Often the fear of vaccination parents associated with possible complications after the injection. But BCG vaccination has a number of contraindications, under which lay vaccinated or do not do at all: prematurity, hemolytic disease of the newborn, acute diseases, nervous system, etc. Healthy children usually tolerate BCG vaccine well, exceptions are the individual characteristics of the child's body, but their expression is impossible to predict. Today, vaccination - is voluntary: each parent is entitled to choose to make the child be vaccinated with BCG or not. But first you need to weigh all the "pros" and "against", to recognize the risks and decide the most suitable for a child.