Gestational diabetes in pregnancy: Causes and Diagnosis
In gestational diabetes in pregnant disturbed carbohydrate metabolism, increases blood sugar levels. Gestational diabetes adversely affects the condition of the mother and the fetus, so the blood sugar level of the pregnant requires constant medical supervision.
Sugar enters the body of a pregnant uglevodosoderzhaschey food. By reducing carbohydrate intake occurs release of glucose, essential for the life of the body pregnant woman, from the liver. To enter the blood glucose requires the hormone insulin, secreted by the pancreas. If it is not enough, the cell is not enough glucose. After 20 weeks of pregnancy hormone action may partially block the production of insulin, which is why the pancreas starts to produce it in large volumes. When there is a shortage of insulin gestational diabetes. Gestantsionnogo Causes of diabetes in pregnant women may be different. Among the risk factors distinguish overweight, heredity, age over 25 years, a large fruit weight in history, habitual miscarriage, stillbirth, polyhydramnios, fetal malformations in previous pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is defined by the level of blood sugar, fasting. With its high-value special test with a glucose load is assigned to pregnant women. Normal blood sugar levels in pregnant women is fasting 4-5,2 mmol / l, it is significantly lower compared to non-pregnant. High blood sugar levels during pregnancy can lead to complications. Among them: large fruit, the underdevelopment of the internal organs kid hypoglycemia. Women with gestational diabetes are at high risk of preeclampsia (high blood pressure, edema, disturbances in the kidney and brain blood circulation), occurrence of urinary tract infections, birth prematurely. For the prevention of gestational diabetes doctors prescribe a special diet, women at risk need to reduce consumption of sweets, fat, starch. Recommended exercise. With the deterioration of insulin therapy is conducted.