Hemorrhagic Syndrome: Symptoms and Treatment
Hemorrhagic syndrome in children is a condition where there is damage to the microvessels walls. It is often referred to as a syndrome of increased bleeding.
There are hereditary and acquired hemorrhagic syndrome. As a rule, a hereditary form of pathological changes affect the vascular net, blood plasma, accompanied by various anomalies of platelets and megakaryocytes, disturbed blood clotting, and so on. D. The acquired form is the result of destruction of the immune system and is associated with metabolic processes, damage platelet disorders plasma molecules, koagudologicheskoy system disorders, etc. Depending on the pathogenesis of hemorrhagic syndrome can be divided into different groups. The first group is caused by a primary lesion of vascular net. There is a tendency to secondary lesions, which begins with platelet and coagulation hemostasis. The second group - this defeat megakaryocyte and platelet germ. The third group - blood clotting. The fourth group - complex disorders. Most often hemorrhagic syndrome in newborns presented as a hemorrhagic diathesis. Of course, the appearance of the various symptoms of the child must be hospitalized immediately and begin effective treatment. The child appeared frequent bleeding from the mucous membranes, formed petechiae. Before the arrival of doctors is necessary to ensure the child to bed, arrange proper nutrition, with nosebleeds insert a tampon. The best option of the affected child's diet is liquid and chilled food that contains a lot of calories. It is advisable to increase the amount of fluid intake. Stage therapeutic treatment is the use of drugs (antispasmodics, desagregants, neyrometabolicheskie drugs), fresh frozen plasma. Depending on the selected stage complex treatment that effectively supports the child's body and allows the body to get rid of this disease. Hemorrhagic syndrome on the background of gastrointestinal diseases involves injecting Dicynonum, heparin use glasiona, vikasola, intravenous gluconate and calcium chloride, ascorbic acid, pahikarpin, remestina and other drugs. To prevent possible bleeding, it is advisable to take the drugs, which are aimed at improving blood clotting. This will stop the blood flow quickly and normalize the condition of the child organism. For local stop bleeding using thrombin pahikarpin, a special film with lincomycin and hemostatic sponge. Typically, means not only the blood flow is stopped, but also promote rapid healing, regeneration of the skin cells and tissues have antiseptic. In all cases, the group is assigned vitamin K, since it is involved in the biosynthesis and normalizes blood clotting is protivogemorragicheskim vitamin. To prevent hemorrhagic syndrome, it is necessary to carry out deliveries in specialized medical institutions, which complied with all the safety measures to human health and life. It should be noted that hemorrhagic syndrome manifests itself in the first days of the baby's life. For prevention it is advisable to pinch the cord within 30 seconds to attach to the breast directly to the genitive table immediately after birth, as well as introduce special preparations in the first hours of life, etc.