How to deal with a child dysgraphia
The old saying that "the school will teach you to read and write," has long gone. Current school require a child a sufficiently high level of training - and mental, and psychological and physical. And certainly before school child should learn to read and write. But at this stage, sometimes there are difficulties associated with such disorders as dysgraphia.
What dysgraphia and how to identify the parents simply is often difficult to believe that the child really can not correctly write words. In general, many parents take in relation to the child utterly strange position. When a child asks for help and says it can not cope, they answer: "I am at school a long time ago, I do not remember anything" and, at best, he hired a tutor, and at worst - simply leave the issue unaddressed. On the other hand, they accuse the child that the "really something your native language is not ashamed to know that there is a difficult!". But the difficulties can really be. If, in spite of his diligence and execution of all homework, the child is not able to write correctly, confuses the letters, syllables, words can not properly build the proposal does not distinguish between the concept of language, it is likely he suffers dysgraphia. Dysgraphia - is man's inability to master the skills of literacy letters. Most often it occurs in tandem with dyslexia - the inability to read, but in some cases, these disorders can also occur separately. Dysgraphia - not a disease, but it can bring a lot of problems not only in school but also in life. For some reason, speech therapists and psychologists often focus only on the phonetic dysgraphia, that is, errors related to non-discrimination of phonemes and the wrong sound and indicating the correlation of his letters. However, there are several types of errors with dysgraphia. 1. Errors associated with aborted phonemic processes and auditory perception - these errors are the most common. That is, if a child writes instead of the word "home" word "smoke" if constantly skips letters ( "Tarek"), if confusing places syllables and letters ( "onco" instead of "window") if add the word superfluous syllables or releases desired, distorts the words confused in mitigating the vowels, this is the error associated with the auditory perception. 2. Errors associated with poor formation of the lexical and grammatical structure of the language: the child is wrong to agree with each other word ( "beautiful girl") incorrectly sets the management between the words ( "go out" rather than "go outside"), replace the words like It confuses prefixes and prepositions, skips words in a sentence. 3. The third type of error - the error is associated with visual recognition of letters. The child confuses similar letters - "s" and "b", "w" and "w", writes letters mirror (especially when he begins to write in capital letters), etc. When, how and where to start to learn how to deal with dysgraphia, written numerous articles and books, but they are almost all poemu something to affect a rather narrow range of issues. For example, most of them aimed at correcting dysgraphia among school children and preschoolers. Such techniques and albums with tasks you can find plenty. But it happens that parents decide to deal with the problem rather late, for example, when a child is in the third or fourth grade. And here the problem is complicated by the fact that for several years the child in the classroom already give a set of language concepts and definitions of the various sections of linguistics, and he is confused and "floats" in them. It is especially difficult for children, who, suffering from dysgraphia, studying a curriculum of high complexity, such as the program Elkonin-Davydov. Often the problem with the Russian language written off as lazy, child crush on teachers and parents, as a result of the child, and all can be a complete rejection of the subject, and write correctly, he will never learn. So, what do you do if you notice a child's signs of dyslexia or dysgraphia? 1. Pay attention to your child. If he has a delay in speech development, if it is bad noises, if starts to read and write, but it can not handle, be sure to consult a speech therapist and psychologist for advice. It is better to solve these problems before school. At home you can do with your child on a special album with interesting jobs, which is not hard to find on sale. 2. If the child just went to school, and you see that it is objectively unable to cope with the program in the Russian language, if he is not given homework and class assignments, and immediately consult a speech therapist and a psychologist. By the way, ask other parents how well the Russian language gives the child's classmates - if the problem is at all likely, it is not a developmental disability and a teacher. 4. If you decide to deal with the problem when the child is already in the third or fourth grade or later, you will be much more difficult. To start enlist the support and consent of the child - he has to realize that he has a problem, but if you deal with them, then he will succeed. Very often children are wrong simply because they are afraid to make a mistake, they consider themselves to be unable to do the right thing - here will help psychologist and sensitive attitude of parents. You can try to hire a tutor, but try to find a professional who already has experience of working with children, or one who is willing to move away from its traditional programs and to devote a little more time to work with your child. Since the child is likely to head a complete mess of concepts and terms, it can not distinguish between parts of speech of the sentence, from the phoneme sounds and the sounds of the letters have to work on the system language. Together with the teacher or tutor make a useful framework for working, for example similar to the one in the picture. Work through each section of the language separately and show the child how they are interconnected. Make sure that the child is more than read and then you read the text recited. And most importantly - do not forget to explain to the teacher that the child has problems that it can not cope on their own, so for a while it is not necessary to hold him as much as to others. Be consistent and persistent in dealing with dysgraphia, with the support of experts, study special literature - and the results are not long in coming.