How to measure the pressure of the child
Measuring blood pressure - a very important and necessary procedure, not only for adults but also for children. Her doctor holds in violation of the cardiovascular, urinary, respiratory, and other indications. Children are also encouraged to measure the pressure and as a preventive measure.
Instruction how to measure the pressure of the child
To determine the blood pressure values in children, use the special children's cuff. In this case the result will depend on the cuff correctly selected, more precisely, its width. Thus, for the newborn necessary width of the inner chamber cuff should be 3 cm for an infant - 5 cm, for children after a year - 8 cm, for teenagers and big kids - 10 cm. The use of cuffs for adults leads to incorrect data.
At the present time to determine the pressure, there are electronic sphygmomanometers. They are divided into automatic and semi-automatic measuring devices. The first of them are able to pump air into the cuff using the built-in pump, and the second - with the help of pear (a special blower) Suffice often mechanical sphygmomanometers used in the home. True work with them requires a certain skill and training. The person who makes the measurement and must have a good ear to be able to accurately capture the sound of heart sounds.
The pressure of the baby is better measured in the morning, immediately after waking up, or no later than 15 minutes after the rest. Make sure that the hand of the child are relaxed and lay palm upwards at the heart level. On the bare shoulder, apply and fix the cuff is 2 cm above the elbow, so that could take place one finger between it and the skin. Find the area of the fold and brachial artery, without pressure, attach a stethoscope to determine the heart rate.
With the balloon inflate the air in the cuff. At the same time fix the time of the disappearance of the sounds of pulse beats. Then slowly begin to reduce the pressure, gradually opening the cylinder valve.
Next, you need to remember two numbers on the gauge, representing a value of systolic blood pressure. The top pressure is manifested by loud blows of pulse. A further drop in pressure in the cuff tones gradually weaken and soon disappear altogether. Moment termination indication of pulsation corresponds to the lower pressure.
Ideally, blood pressure should be determined on both hands, triply with an interval of 3 minutes. The end result are minimum figures. it is recommended to measure the supine blood pressure in children up to 2 years.