How to teach a child to solve problems in mathematics
The solution of problems in the study of mathematics in primary schools are receiving a lot of attention. We need to teach a child to find a solution, the right to issue it in your notebook, explain what is found in this or that action. Most problems arise when searching for solutions. Main duties while assigned to the teacher, but the duty of parents - to consolidate the knowledge home and to work towards the development of the child. And it should be done well before school.
Instruction how to teach a child to solve problems in mathematics
Teach your child to establish logical connections between objects and phenomena. For example, why one standing next to apartment buildings above and one below? For an adult it is obvious that its height depends on the number of floors. This connection, perhaps with your help, is to install a child. Why the wolf got to grandma house faster than Little Red Riding Hood? Link between path length and time (in this case the notion "speed" can not be seen). Why to move some objects enough human power, and it is necessary to cause the crane to the other? Encourage your child to answer questions "as?". "why?". "what for?". "from where?" and the like, develop the ability to establish logical connections.
Expand the horizons of the child. Reading various art and children's non-fiction will do it. Get answers to many "why?"Little man knows the world. In the future, when solving mathematical problems, he's using his horizons, and understand how come these or other processes, it is easy to find a solution. Broadens the mind and replenish knowledge about the world tour, playing in different groups and sections.
Work on child speed reading printed text. It is impossible to solve the problem by reading it in syllables and reading by the end of forgetting what was discussed at the beginning! After reading the problem, ask your child some questions about its content. Check to see if he knew what it was about.
Achieve lasting assimilation child relationships between units of measurement values. Knowing what is contained in the 1 meter 100 centimeters, and 1 quintal of 100 kilograms, it is necessary!
Build a child's ability to solve simple problems in one step. Their examples can be found in textbooks of mathematics.
Solving the problem of component (in several steps), break it into simple tasks that the child already knows how to solve.
Automate the skill of oral accounts. Addition and subtraction within 100 (all cases) and mild cases of computation within 1000, as well as the multiplication table child should know well.
To solve some of the problems (in motion, for example) need to know the formula. Check out their knowledge of the child.
Keep working on the formation of the ability to solve problems systematically, rather than sporadically. The results will be visible only in the daily hard work.