Polyhydramnios: causes, symptoms, treatment
The fetus in the womb surrounded by amniotic fluid, which protects it from external adverse effects, provide nutrients and oxygen to create the necessary conditions for development. Effect of bad environment and nutrition, infections, bad habits mother may trigger the development of such a deviation of pregnancy like polyhydramnios.
Normally, in the 10 weeks of pregnancy the amount of amniotic fluid is 30 ml, in 14 - 100 ml, and in the last months before birth from 1000 to 1500 ml. If these standards are exceeded, diagnosed polyhydramnios. There are acute and chronic polyhydramnios, its light and heavy degree. Symptoms polyhydramnios may be the severity of abdominal pain, a sharp increase in its size, pain and perineum. polyhydramnios often accompanied by an increase in blood pressure and heart kid tapped weakly. Diagnosed polyhydramnios during pregnancy by ultrasound. The causes of polyhydramnios can be transferred to and during pregnancy, infectious disease, severe chronic diseases (diabetes, pyelonephritis), Rhesus-conflict, multiple pregnancy, fetal pathology. For successful treatment of polyhydramnios is necessary to eliminate its cause. For effective diagnosis appointed ultrasound, CTG, Doppler ultrasound, blood tests, diagnosing the presence of intrauterine infection, smear on STDs, with a negative Rh factor gives blood for antibodies. If polyhydramnios prevents serious complications of pregnancy, treatment may be performed on an outpatient basis. Women prescribed diuretics, vitamins, antibiotics, if necessary, in the third trimester of pregnancy are often recommended intake of indomethacin. In the transition to severe polyhydramnios and there are problems in fetal development associated with polyhydramnios, delivery is can be carried out ahead of schedule. In the early timing when the impossibility of early birth is assigned deflation of amniotic fluid.