Water shortage: causes, symptoms, treatment
The amniotic fluid contains necessary for the development of the fetus the nutrients, oxygen, hormones, without which it is impossible to exist in the mother's womb. Some pregnant women found this pathology as oligohydramnios.
If the amount of amniotic fluid in the third trimester of less than 1000-1500 ml, then we can talk about the development of water scarcity. With moderate oligohydramnios this decrease slightly, so pregnant establish enough power and the regime of the day, be under the supervision of a physician. In marked polyhydramnios may appear abnormalities in fetal development, so it requires immediate treatment. Oligohydramnios usually does not manifest itself by any symptoms. Occasionally can be felt pain when moving the baby in the womb, stomach size does not correspond to the date. To confirm the diagnosis required holding ultrasound. The reasons for water scarcity may be the lack of water shell epithelium, fetal malformations, hypertension, infectious diseases, the development of multiple fetuses, perenashivanie pregnancy, metabolic disorders, obesity. Methods of treatment in pregnancy oligohydramnios varies depending on its cause. Doctors prescribe drugs that normalize the activity of the placenta, vitamins, medication to eliminate the causes of water scarcity. The treatment can be performed at home, subject to gentle treatment, the exclusion of physical activity, proper nutrition. In marked oligohydramnios and the presence of uterine tone must be pregnant in a hospital room. It is mandatory to conduct weekly ultrasound, CTG, Doppler for disease control. With the threat of the fetus doctor may decide on early childbirth.