What if the child's ear hurts
The ear - a complex organ located near the brain and is directly connected to the nasopharynx eustachian tubes. In infants, this passage is wider and shorter than in children 4 - 5 years, which facilitates the penetration of infection in the middle ear for colds.
The most common cause of pain in the ear is an inflammatory process that occurs either in the outer ear (pinna and external auditory meatus), or in the middle ear (tympanic membrane and the cavity, the auditory tube, mastoid process of the temporal bone cells). It is important to consider that the auditory tube connects the tympanic cavity, on the one hand, and the nasopharynx, on the other. Inflammation of the outer ear (otitis externa) is expressed in the swelling and redness of the skin around the ear canal. The reasons may include: infection that gets through hairline cracks in the skin, inflammation of the hair follicle (boil) in the external ear canal. When infected skin steptokokkami group A there is erysipelas, swelling and redness of the ear, the appearance of blisters on the skin of the external auditory canal. This dramatically increases the body temperature to 39oS. Inflammation of the middle ear (acute otitis media) often occurs due to colds and infection from the nasopharynx to the middle ear by the auditory tube. Children up to 3 years of auditory tube is wider and shorter than those of older children, this facilitates the penetration of infection. Lack of protective blood proteins (antibodies) produced a baby from the mother's milk, also facilitates the occurrence of inflammation. Also, infants are more frequent and longer in a horizontal position, which leads to stagnation of mucus in the nasopharynx and the spread of infection in the middle ear. The cause of otitis media in infants may be getting milk or a mixture of the nasopharynx to the middle ear. The main manifestation of acute otitis media - ear pain, which notifies the baby cry, it seeks to lay down on a big ear, refuses food because sucking and swallowing pain intensifies. Sometimes it is very fast for one day, acute otitis becomes purulent pus breaks through the eardrum and is released from the outer ear. With the rapid course of the disease and late begun treatment possible complications: mastoiditis (inflammation of the mastoid process of the temporal bone), characterized by pain behind the ear, its redness and swelling; irritation syndrome brain membranes, which can spread inflammation. It is expressed in convulsions, vomiting, decrease in motor activity. Any disease of the ear is necessary to call a doctor, because there are dangerous forms of otitis media and inflammation of the outer ear, and inflammation of the middle ear. Doctor prescribes antibiotics and topical treatment (heating, compresses, ear drops, vasoconstrictive nasal drops). Before arrival of the doctor, if there is no purulent discharge, it is necessary to warm compress or insert your ear to ear cotton wool soaked in boric alcohol or warm in any other way to reduce the pain. For alcohol or vodka compress, take a four gauze larger than the ear of 1.5 - 2 cm, in the middle make a slit for ear, soak a cloth in vodka or alcohol solution (ratio of water and spirit 1: 1) and apply in the ear by placing an ear shell into the slot. Cover with waxed paper, and 1.5 - 2 cm more gauze, cover with a piece of cotton wool, which will cover the paper. Secure wrap a handkerchief, tied it on the baby's head. Keep the compress 3 - 4 hours. When purulent otitis warm compresses and absolutely contraindicated. Ear drops with anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of warm up to body temperature, lowering the pipette with a dose of drops in hot water. Fold the rod of cotton wool and gently place it in the ear canal. Warm the medication should be applied to the wool 3 - 4 times daily. Bury drops in the ear is not recommended, as in purulent otitis, that is, when the broken eardrum, they can get into the middle ear and bring great harm instead of good. In the treatment of otitis media is necessary to ensure the infant free nasal breathing. Empty the nasal passages of mucus with a blower-suction and flagella, and spun from wool soaked in baby oil massage. Turn the babies from one side to the other to avoid the stagnation of mucus in the nose and throat. At the head of the child wear a scarf or a cap that covers the ears. Bathe your baby is not recommended during times of illness, you can walk only when disappear earache.