What is an inguinal hernia in children?
As a rule, an inguinal hernia in children is the most common pathology in the field of surgery. It is a protrusion of different shapes and sizes of pathological character.
It should be noted that an inguinal hernia in children consists of a hernia sac with contents and hernial ring. Most often the disease occurs in male infants. The cause of disease may be insufficient development of the vaginal process, which begins its formation already at the 12th week of pregnancy. The appearance of an inguinal hernia is the bumps located in the genital area (for example, the boys - on the scrotum) or groin swelling. It should be noted that an inguinal hernia in children is a congenital disease, and an adult - acquired. When any educational or bulge in the groin area, it is necessary to see a specialist who can determine the disease, if it is an inguinal hernia in children. Symptoms of lesions can be determined visually. And, as a rule, hernia quite soft and flexible, so it is easy to straighten and deliver the baby from pain. Of course, this should do the surgeon who will not allow infringement of hernia, which negatively affects blood flow to internal organs. Impingement occurs when pinched hernia formation. If the infringement is not possible to straighten back, there are quite a lot of pain in the groin, a feeling of nausea, vomiting, a chair is broken, increased flatulence, etc. The consequence infringement hernial sac is not only disturbed circulation, swelling occurs and the damaged area, resulting in perforation and peritonitis. Pathology Diagnosis includes an instrumental method (transillumination), physical methods (patient feeling), ultrasound examination of the affected area of the child's body. Delays in treatment and elimination of the causes of disturbances in some cases lead to the death of the child. It is quite difficult to determine the nature of the disease to infants, since they can not say about their feelings. Therefore, restless behavior, lack of appetite, fever should show the child to the doctor because it may be an inguinal hernia in infants. Of course, at that age it is advisable to ensure that your baby constant monitoring of medical personnel, that is recommended to be hospitalized in a hospital or clinic. Even after reduction, inguinal hernia in children requires surgical removal of the hernia sac. After surgery restores the inguinal canal. Subject to bed rest and proper diet sutures are removed within a week. Of course, only an experienced specialist competently carries out the operation so as not to raise any complications (eg, relapse and penetration of infection into the body) in the future. The optimal age at which the prescribed removal is 6-12 months. This is due to the fact that the first steps have additional stress, which leads to jamming hernia. Many parents when a suspicion of surgical pathology in a hurry to find a folk healer who "speaks" hernia. But, as a rule, they are only capable of temporarily relieve the pain. In repeated protrusions occur later, but the beginning of adhesions only makes the situation worse, complicating the work of surgeons during surgical removal. Also, it is believed that an inguinal hernia occurs due to the fact that the child is crying long and hard. Of course, this is not so. Just under strong hysterics protrusion of the hernia becomes more noticeable.