All mammals a female nature bestowed a wonderful process - lactation, ie milk production to feed their offspring. And this food is considered to be the best for the kids, well-balanced, nutritious, healthy and tasty.
Instruction that is lactation
Lactation (from the Latin a lacto -. Content of milk, breast milk) - the formation, accumulation and periodic removal of milk in humans and mammals. This process begins in the body after childbirth and during pregnancy the mammary gland there are processes that prepare them for milk production.
Successful breastfeeding depends on many factors. Chief among them - the level of the right hormones in the blood. These hormones - prolactin, oxytocin and placental lactogen. Placental lactogen is actively produced in the body in the later stages of pregnancy, your breasts preparing for lactation. However, shortly after the birth of this hormone disappears from the mother's blood. Prolactin is responsible for the process of milk production. Thanks to him, the milk is stored in the alveoli, and then moves through the tubules, ducts and lactiferous sinuses. It also regulates too strong or weak lactation. Oxytocin is involved in the release of milk from the breast.
Milk proteins are synthesized from amino acids, neutral fats in blood fatty acids and fat free, lactose - lactose - glucose. Therefore, nursing mothers diet should be complete and balanced. Young mother should receive daily with food 110-130 grams of protein, 100-130 grams of fat, 400-450 grams of carbohydrates. In addition, it is necessary to drink at least 1.5-2 liters of fluid per day.
Normally, human lactation can last from 5 to 24 months, but often you can meet moms who breast-fed children up to 3-4 years. The amount of milk can reach from 600 to 1300 ml per day. On the first day of breast milk are not released, and colostrum. At 2-3 days to replace it comes to milk, but the amount is still very small - 10-30 ml per day. The dramatic surge of milk occurs more in 3-5 days. Often this is accompanied by breast engorgement, pain and sometimes fever. The maximum amount of milk produced in the 6-12 day after birth, and then the process of milk production has stabilized and is formed in the mammary glands as much milk as you need baby. If a woman, for whatever reason, not breastfeeding, lactation, the process is terminated after 1-2 weeks.
The composition and appearance of the milk varies in different periods. Colostrum is different and special white fat and nutritious does not yet have, a newborn that is enough. Transitional milk secreted in the first 2 weeks of a yellowish hue, and mature milk - white with a bluish tinge. Many mothers are afraid of that color and begin to think that their milk is not enough fat. On the contrary, everything is normal, mature milk is rich in proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Over time, the composition of milk continues to vary according to the needs of the age of the child.
There are deviations and lactation. Hypogalactia - decrease lactation. This can be caused by hormonal problems, and fatigue, poor maternal nutrition. More likely, the reason - the so-called lactation crisis - a temporary reduction in the amount of milk. Do not rush to finish feeding the baby formula. Just apply it more often to the breast, drink plenty of fluids, can drink special herbal preparations to improve lactation. And then the milk supply will return to normal. Galactorrhea - spontaneous outflow of milk from the breast. The reason - the weakness of the muscle fibers around the nipple. This phenomenon is common in women with increased nervous excitability. In this case you should consult a doctor.