What to do if a child has a runny nose
Even such seemingly trivial disease, such as a runny nose in children, unlike adults, is sufficiently serious. Runny nose is particularly dangerous for infants, as they narrow nasal passages, that even a small mucosal edema leads to a sharp respiratory failure.
Because of the anatomical and physiological characteristics of the structure of the nasal cavity and auditory tube runny nose in young children is often complicated by otitis. It is therefore important to know what actions should be taken at a cold. In most cases, a runny nose - the main symptom of many common respiratory infections. The cause of rhinitis in children may be allergic or environmental pollution of the environment. For infants sometimes rhinitis treatment requires active intervention and hospitalization. In older children, a runny nose, as a rule, does not require any special treatment as it is only a symptom of respiratory infections, which are the cause of most viruses. Treatment of the common cold such construction by the general rules of treatment of ARI. If rhinitis is accompanied by a bacterial disease, such as a sore throat or tonsillitis, naturally appointed antibiotics. At the initial stage of a cold you need to take care of clean air in the house. Important: regular ventilation, wet cleaning, removal of foreign odors and active humidification. A child with a cold also needs to be enhanced drinking regime (especially if there is a temperature), to make up for lost fluids. In the absence of useful temperature thermal treatments in the form of a foot or public baths and showers, as they reflexively relieve swelling of the nasal mucosa and facilitate breathing. It is also necessary to regularly (4-6 times a day) use the means for moisturizing and cleansing the nasal cavity. They facilitate the discharge of mucus. If nasal congestion to ease breathing can be used vasoconstrictor drugs (drops or nasal spray). But it should be borne in mind that they do not cure the common cold, but only temporarily eliminate the swelling of the nasal mucosa. The duration of vasoconstrictive drugs should not exceed 5-7 days, and to bury them in the nose better not regular, but only on demand (when quite difficult breathing), no more than 2-3 times per day.