How to describe the weather
For the first time students meet with descriptions of weather in the early grades. Young naturalists teach to determine the direction of the wind, to distinguish the shape of the clouds, to find signs of the seasons. Later, their knowledge of atmospheric phenomena will be expanded in geography lessons. Report on phenological observations - this is the name description of the weather - the student must make a specific pattern.
You will need:
- book in a cage; - A thermometer to the streets; - Calculator; - A4 size sheets of paper; - Colour pencils; - a pen; - A computer connected to the Internet.
Instruction how to describe the weather
Prepare a diary of observations of the weather. It can be made from the usual thick notebook in a cage, drawing a table with the following columns: "Date", "Time", "Duration of the day", "Temperature", "Rain", "draft", "wind direction and strength," " Special events and signs of the times of the year. " This information will be sufficient for younger students. High school students can additionally enter a description of the atmospheric pressure, humidity, solar activity (radiation), the effects of weather on human health etc.
Define the period of time during which you will have to observe. It could be a week, month, season, six months, a year. The longer the time period, the more data you will accumulate a generalization. The blog, designed for a week, make entries to a few times a day, for example, morning, noon and evening. During long-term observation of the weather try to capture key indicators every day at the same time.
Purchase a thermometer to determine the temperature. It is necessary to install on the outside of the window. By writing data, pay attention to this detail: whether your meter in the shade or under a bright sun.
Use the data of daily weather forecasts in the description of the Hydrometeorological Center of humidity, atmospheric pressure, solar activity, the duration of the day. For other weather events (precipitation, cloudiness and wind power) watch in person. Be sure to mark specific seasonal characteristics: the first leaves on the trees, rainbow, ice, etc.
Analyze changes in the weather, using diary data. Calculate the average daily temperature during the observation period. To do this, add up all the indexes in degrees Celsius, and divide by the number of days. Scroll days with the minimum and maximum temperature.
Build temperature schedule. Draw gray pencil vertical line. By the middle of the vertical slide perpendicular to the horizontal line. Horizontal mark into equal segments, indicating the days of the week or the month. It will correspond to the zero value of the air temperature. designate temperature values on the vertical line: above the horizontal line position "plus", below - "minus". At the intersection of dates and degrees set point and connect them. For clarity, a low ( "minus) temperatures portray blue high (" the plus) - Red.
Identify prevailing during the observation direction of the wind, trace the dependence of cloud on the wind strength. Describe the changes in humidity, duration of day and night, atmospheric pressure variations, etc.
Details list all seen during seasonal observations of natural phenomena: the first snow fell, often had rain and thunderstorms every day was a cold strong wind, etc. Do not forget to share your own impressions about the weather.