How to distinguish an adverb and a noun with a preposition
Adverb - one of the most "moving" parts of speech, ie, the process of turning prepositional-case forms of nouns into adverbs is currently ongoing. Therefore, the question of the distinction between adverbial and noun combinations with the preposition remains one of the most controversial in linguistics and is spelling difficulties for language learners. To distinguish the parts of speech and apply spelling rules, use some tips.
You will need:
- orthographic dictionary; - Etymological dictionary.
Instruction how to distinguish an adverb and a noun with a preposition
As an adverb refers to the immutable parts of speech, it grammatically can not be combined with an explanatory word in a particular case form. Find out whether the analyzed word is defined for those of a noun or pronoun. Compare: • the distance flashed the sail. The word "away" is not dependent words. It is an adverb. • In the distance the sea flashed the sail. The word "to give" is an explanatory word "sea", answering the question of the genitive (of what?). It is a noun with a preposition.
Set to the analyzed parts of speech issue. If you can raise the issue of case, and its members have always included an excuse, pointing to the grammatical form, it is prepositional-case combination. In another case, only adverbial can ask a question (how? Where? Where? Why? And so on). For example: • I went (to what?) To the meeting. The specified grammar question accusative. It is a noun with a preposition. • I was (what?) To meet him. Ask a question places the circumstances. It is an adverb.
Take advantage of the reception "insert" explanatory words. Between prepositions and nouns, you can paste it, but between the prefix and separate writing an adverb can not. For example: Question put me stumped. Street led me to the (crude) deadlock. In the first example, "a dead end" an adverb, in the second - a noun with a preposition.
Keep in mind that the boundaries between the prepositional-case forms of nouns and adverbs are often conditional. These parts of speech may get a different grammatical interpretation and, therefore, writing. Remember that the transition process is considered complete if the original noun is not used in modern language (the ground, back, personally), or lost the semantic link between the word and generating a derivative adverb (on the face - there, in the right - to the right).