How to distinguish the category of state adverbs
The first category of state in a separate part of speech singled LV Szczerba, a famous Russian linguist, defining its characteristics as compared to the dialect. The question of the division of these groups of words in a separate part of speech is still open. A common feature of them is their immutability. To distinguish the category status of adverbs should be used an algorithm of actions.
Instruction how to distinguish the category status of adverbs
Determine the grammatical meaning of the words • adverb represents a sign of action (running fast), another feature (very funny), at least -. For signs of (shoes fit) • Category status indicates the status of living beings (I'm happy) and nature (cold outside).
Decide on what part of speech the word depends on the analyte • Adverb depends on the verb (sometimes from an adjective, another adverb and noun). He dresses (how?) Heat. • Category status is an independent word, ie, it has not given a question from another member of the offer. I feel warm.
Determine what question is responsible analyte word adverb • answers questions of circumstances (How? When? Where? Why? Why? Etc.). He (how?) Smiled sadly. • Status Category answers questions short adjectives in the neuter form (what is?), I (what?) Sad.
Identify the syntactic role of words in a sentence • The adverb is usually the fact, at least -. Inconsistent state definition • category is framed in mononuclear impersonal sentence, ie, in that, where there can be the subject.
An additional feature by which you can distinguish between the adverb and the status category, is their rank. • Adverbs are attributive characterizing the act or a sign by the quality, quantity, method of performing an action (well, very together). Adverbial adverbs serve as indicators of spatial, temporal, causal, relations of target (far yesterday, temper, deliberately). A special group of pronominal adverbs (where, to so). • Category status form words on -o, correlated with the short form of the adjectives in the neuter singular (quiet early, funny) or not correlated with them (it is possible, should be ashamed ). There is also a status category includes word, c etymological point of view associated with nouns that express assessment of the state from the emotional, moral and ethical (sorry, ashamed, hunting, it's time).