How to learn to read music
The problem of the development of musical notation facing anyone who tries to independently learn to play any musical instrument. In particular, it is typical for adults. Children memorize the notes and duration rather quickly. Try to memorize the notes is not necessary. Musical notation, like any other, you must first understand.
You will need:
- tutorial playing the instrument; - Music books; - Metronome; - Piano keyboard (can be found online interactive or even make dumb cardboard).
Instruction how to learn to read music
Start with durations. Locate the tutorial or online for those who are mastering your instrument, the relevant section. Think and school mathematics, that is, actions with simple fractions. All fractions until you need them. Repeat only what concerns the 1/2, 1/4 and other fractions, the denominator of which is a multiple of two.
Remember that this whole note and how it is considered. Imagine it - a unit or a whole object, such as an apple or an orange. The two halves of a unit, four quarters, eighths eight lobes and t. D. Similarly, in the entire note. For the convenience of storing the musicians are accustomed to consider it not just a "one-two-three-four" and divide each quarter into two more - "once-and-two-and-three-and four-and." Thus the whole note is divided not into quarters, and already on the eighth.
Try to memorize the length and visually and aurally. Blank inside the circle without sticks and tails refers to a whole note. Circle with center and unfilled wand represents half. Coli thus can be directed both up and down, depending on whether a line is written on the note. The black circle with a stick represents a quarter, and if there is a stick, and the tail - the eighth of it. Smaller length differ in the number of tails. If recorded two or even four eighths in a row, they can be connected to each other by a straight line. sixteenth Group connects two parallel lines, and the thirty-second - three.
Find some object, which emits rhythmic sounds. If there is no metronome, use a mechanical watch. Ticking off their rhythm first, and then - twice as often. Imagine that the clock is ticking quarter. Then it turns out that you knock eighths. Similarly, correspond with each other and other duration.
Find any notes and learn to read the length. It is useful to knock out. Choose the musical examples from the textbook or any of the classics. There you can meet designation, which you still do not know. Read what they mean. For example, a quarter may be divided into two not-eighths, and three such figure is called "triplet." There are other groups of notes denote the same duration.
At the beginning of each musical line, immediately after the key and the key characters, you will find the size designation. The bottom part, strongly reminiscent of the denominator of a simple fraction, mean the same thing, that he, that is, what proportion of divided clock. The top number indicates how many beats per measure. Look at the size and determine the durations of notes which can be filled in each cycle. Their combinations may be different, but together they must give the same number indicated in the beginning.
Having dealt with durations, see how designated pitch. At the beginning of a musical line is key. They may be different, but the treble clef is used more often than others. It is also called "salt of the key." Curl, which is inside the "head", rests precisely in the line on which is written the salt of the first octave, that is, in the second. Find her on the piano keyboard and your instrument. This white piano key, which is in a group with three black. Note salt is between the first and second groups of the black keys.
Note that the notes are written as rulers, as well as between them. Learn the scale-up of salt and notes down. The distance between the ruler and the second gap between the second and the first (or second and third) corresponds to the distance between the adjacent white keys on the piano. That is, between the first and the second will be written the note F, and between the second and third - the middle. Calculate in the same way the rest of the notes. Some of the notes are written on the additional product lines, or under them. No difference between the additional main line and not still distance corresponds to the spacing between adjacent keys. That is the first octave D is written below the first line, and up - to surplus. Plus there is a line at the bottom and the top.