How to teach mathematics in elementary school
Before primary school teacher faces many challenges. It should not just teach children to count, but to accustom them to the intellectual activity. In the early school years, the child is just beginning to develop the educational process. The task of the teacher - to help him in this.
Instruction how to teach mathematics in elementary school
Please rate the level of your students. All of it will be different. Further guided, proceeding from the situation, either the level of the majority or the average. Keep in mind that while you may need to pull those who are weaker owns the subject. Set with each student trust. You, as a primary school teacher should know the basics of child psychology. Use them to understand children and to find an approach to them.
Promote the development of logical thinking in children. To do this, teach them to explain the decision process, to pronounce the sequence of operations, to compare the numbers to allocate them on the basis of specific, to distinguish the form of geometric shapes. In addition, students develop memory. They must be able to distinguish the new information from the already studied material, well oriented on the instructions in the tutorial to draw conclusions on the basis of previously studied.
Teach first graders to perform operations of addition and subtraction. In addition, they need to know the length of the unit of measurement, weight and volume, to be able to combine items into one based on a common characteristic, to solve simple equations and the problem in two steps, to determine such geometric shapes as a circle, a triangle, a quadrangle, a pentagon, to calculate the length a predetermined length. Show them how to read the information listed in the table and fill it. Keep in mind that the table should be no more than three rows and three columns. Students should be able to solve arithmetic puzzles and numerical puzzles.
Give second graders formula perimeter location and area of the quadrangle, knowledge of multiplication and division of primes. Teach them to solve problems in the 4 operations: addition, subtraction, division and multiplication. Note that the problem should be 2-3 steps, no more. Children should be able to specify on one side and two, respectively, to draw a rectangle and a square, to distinguish between these three-dimensional figures, like a pyramid, cube and sphere. Come and work with the table. Now, students should be able to fill the table with data that are presented in the form of text. Show the children how to read the information in the form of a line chart and be true equality and inequality.
Teach math students of third and fourth grade, guided by the knowledge that they need to get at the end of primary school. These skills include the ability to prescribe the algorithms for solving problems containing 5-6 actions to inspect vypolennyh operations to solve the problem component, to calculate the portion of the number, refer to such three-dimensional shapes, cube, cone and cylinder and recognize them when you change the position of bodies in space, to solve such equations in which the components of the relationship is expressed in several ways, finding the arithmetic mean.