How did the New Year
The tradition of celebrating the New Year with Christmas tree appeared in Russia thanks to Peter I, who in 1699 issued a decree, Kojima introduced the chronology of the conduct of the Nativity and New Year's Eve commanded to celebrate January 1, as well as in Europe. And in 1700 in our country we celebrated the night from December 31 to January 1, the Christmas tree, decorated with spruce, pine and juniper branches buildings, fires in the street and fireworks. Before this new year in Russia began in March until 1492, and in September 1492 after the Julian calendar and celebrated this holiday quite differently, without scope.
However, after the death of the autocrat in Russia ceased to put Christmas trees. Only the owners of restaurants and taverns continued to decorate their establishments trees, setting them on the roof. Trees stood there all year round, losing needles, until it turns into a stick. Probably, hence the expression "tree-stick". There is another expression that is now almost-forgotten:. "Go under the Christmas tree" It means "to go to the pub / restaurant."
The tradition of celebrating the New Year with a fir tree was revived under Catherine II. Decorating the green beauties began only in the middle of the XIX century, and is now instead of the usual Christmas balls on them adorned with nuts wrapped in a bright, candy, wax candles, which were later replaced by garlands. Crowned spruce Christmas Star of Bethlehem, which later gave way to the familiar five-pointed us. By the way, the champagne, without which no cost, no one is now the New Year in Russia has also become popular in the XIX century, and more precisely in its first half.
With the transition to a new style by decree of the Bolsheviks in 1918, the first New Year, which coincided with a European, came in 1919. Also introduced was the Old New Year (January 13). Then, in Russia (the Soviet Union - to 30 December 1922) New Year's Eve is not widely celebrated, unlike Christmas, which falls on January 7. So the trees then were the Christmas and New Year's is not. Officially New Year celebrations canceled in 1929. However, December 28, 1935 the holiday was "rehabilitated" through the letter of the Kiev Regional Committee of Paul Postysheva published in "Pravda".
Since 1930, January 1, the Soviet Union was a simple working day and holidays and the government has made its December 23, 1947. January 2nd was a day off since 1992, and since 2005 in the Russian New Year holidays extended until 5 January. Later, the number of output increased to ten. In 2015, the Russians will rest until 11 January. 3 and 4 of January (Saturday and Sunday), which coincide with the non-working holidays, extended to 9 January and 4 May.