Olympic Summer Sports: road cycle race
Road cycle race held on paved roads. Athletes use road bikes. Such competitions have been included in the program of the Summer Olympic Games since 1896.
Road cycling history started in 1868. The first major cycling race was held in 1869 at a distance of Paris - Rouen. Then the athletes have overcome 120 km. The average speed of the winner it, Moore from England, reached 11 km / h. Bastogne - - Next big tour Liege Liege was organized in 1892. This sport is especially popular in Europe. Competitions by road bicycle races are divided into group and individual. When the group race the athlete who crossed the finish line first is the winner. At the start, participants are allocated according to the UCI ranking (International Cycling Union). Men overcome a distance of 239 km, and women compete on the track at 120 km. Team members have the right to assist in the repair of its partners. Racers need to divide the roles in the group correctly. Smart tactics helps the athlete to roll-leader and detachments to eliminate rivals. A few years into the program of the Olympic Summer Games included command the road race at the distance of 100 km. In the team were 4 rider and the start was made with an interval of 3 minutes. It was believed that the team came to the finish line, if the distance is overcome at least 3 members of the group, and the time recorded by crossing the finish line of the third team member. If the group race all competitors start at the same time, the individual they start the competition with an interval of fifteen minutes. The length of the route for the race is much less. For men it is 46.8 km, and for women - 31.2 km. For individual cycling race agonists may not help his comrades. In addition, it can not be used as an advantage aerodynamic shadow vperediiduschego cyclist. For racing bicycles and made of lightweight steel and aluminum, and titanium, and carbon fiber. All are equipped with pneumatic tires, narrow seats, brakes and switches speed. bike can be up to 2 m high, and the width -. not more than 50 cm Equipment Weight usually ranges from 8 kg to 10 kg. The mandatory equipment includes participants road cycling helmet, able to protect them from head injuries. To avoid accidents, introduced a rule that drivers must comply with the distance between each other is not less than 2 m.