Summer Olympic sports: basketball
Basketball has appeared in the Olympic program at the last pre-war forum - in 1936 in Berlin. It was attended by 23 teams that made the basketball tournament the most representative among the team sports at the XI Summer Games. The first gold in the sport got the US team, the Canadians were second and third - Mexicans.
The Americans continue to dominate in this sport - from a half dozen tournaments in which participated a team of the country, only three they lost the championship. Twice on the top line could be the team of the USSR, once - the national team of Argentina. In the 1980 Olympics, the Americans are not involved, and gold then went to the Yugoslav basketball. On account of the Soviet team but two gold medals there are four silver and three bronze - the second line in the composite rating of achievements of male basketball players. Women's basketball was added to the Summer Olympic Games for ten cycles later - before the XXI Olympic Games, which was held in Atlanta in 1976. The first tournament was won basketball players of the Soviet Union, as well as the next, the last without the Americans. Another time, at the Summer Games in 1992 in Barcelona, a team made up of players from the former republics of the USSR, excelled in basketball competitions. In all other women's Olympic tournaments, and they have already been six, won only US national team. Men's basketball team of Russia for the period in which it acted as an independent state, has never been able to win medals Olympiad. Women have better results - in the last two summer sports forums, they won the bronze medal. According to the regulations applicable professional basketball players today have the right to participate in the Olympic basketball tournament. The selection of the teams that are allowed to start in it, is made on a predetermined scheme, in which only three places identified in the qualifying rounds. The rest are distributed between the champions of Africa, the Americas (2 teams), Asia, Europe (2 teams), and Oceania. Yet in one place get the current world champion and national team of the host country of the Olympic Games.