Summer Olympic sports: cycling track
Track race on bicycles or cycling track - kind of summer Olympic sports. For the first time this competition was included in the Olympic Games program in 1896. There followed a 16-year break. But since 1912, track cycling is carried out regularly.
Only men participated until 1988 in cycling. At the Olympics in Seoul in this sport began to compete and women. Competitions for men is carried out in the following disciplines: sprint, individual pursuit, points race, the Olympic sprint, Madison, Keirin and Team Pursuit. Women participate only in the competitions for the first three types of cycling. Sprint is characterized in that the result affects the time in which the athlete passes the last 200 meters. Olympic sprint is held with the participation of teams of three people. The track, which should overcome the participants of the race, is 750 m. A point of this discipline is a very interesting spectacle to the observer. To take a more advantageous position, athletes can use tricky technique that is called "track stand". At the same time the driver passes the opponent, stopping and balancing your bike. Pursuit is held at a distance of 4 km for men and 3 km for women. Its purpose is to overcome the distance in the minimum time. In addition, the athlete need to overtake an opponent. According to the Olympic system is a competition held Shootout. Points race much longer: men must travel a distance of 40 km, and women - 25 km. Riders get points for first place in the intermediate circles. After every 10 laps credit points are awarded 4 riders, crossing the finish line first. In the first place it is given 5 points for second and third - 3 and 2, respectively. For the fourth athlete receives only 1 point. Madison characterized command. Two riders have to overcome a distance of 60 km. Also, they face the challenge to collect as many points at the intermediate sprints. This event got its name in the first place, which was carried out - Madison Square Garden. Points are awarded every 20 laps on the same principle as in the points race. When passing cyclists Keirin 5 and a half laps of the 250 m at first for a motorcycle, and then compete in the sprint. Simultaneously, the track may range from 6 to 9 members. The first match on the Keirin took place only in 2000 in Sydney.