Summer Olympic sports: diving
The Olympic diving program there from 1904 on competition athletes perform jumping and towers of various heights. Judges evaluate the purity of the water input and quality of screws, spins and turns. In addition, to compete in synchronized diving accounted synchronization performance athletes two acrobatic elements.
Competition Olympic competition involves jumping into the water from the tower and springboard. Tower - a rigid panel installed above the water level at a height of 10 meters. Springboard - a flexible board with adjustable spring located three meters above the water. Athletes must perform several jumps of the main groups of exercises. The degree of difficulty Diving include several elements: group, rotate, flip and jump bent. Each consists of a combination of elements. He is assigned to a certain degree of complexity, which determines the level of diver skills in the water. At each stage, the athletes perform a series of jumps. Initially, the jury of 7 persons assesses individual diving on a 10-point scale. 2 2 best and worst scores are not taken into account, and the remaining 3 are added together and multiplied by a factor of difficulty jump, the value of which depends on the number of somersaults and upheaval. Assessment of the degree of difficulty for the Olympic competition in diving can range from 1.3 to 3.6. Judging Judges evaluate the performance of the jump and the entry into the water sportsman, run and upgrade. Especially prized run smoothly made and strong. The jump should be confident and powerful while maintaining balance and self-control. Performing the jump - this is the most important element, which is estimated for the technique, mechanics, grace and form. Upon entering the water should be a little spray athlete's body needs to be rectified almost vertically. Synchronized diving competitions in the water for synchronized diving evaluates 9 arbitrators. Of these, 5 judges assess synchronized diving and only 4 judges - the technique of performing a jump jumpers in water - two on each of the athletes. Judges who follow the synchronicity of performance jump, track distance from the ramp before entering the place, the simultaneous entry into the water, the synchronicity in the run-up and jump, coordination of movement in flight at the time of entering the angles identity in the water. The highest and lowest scores are eliminated, the final score is calculated in the same way as for single jumps. Competition format The competition in diving after a preliminary stage determined 18 finalists, 12 of which will be in the final of the results of the semi-final series of jumps. In competitions in synchronized diving participate 8 pairs of divers in the water. Olympic qualification Each country has a limit on the number of participants up to 2 athletes in each competition form. Moreover, if the 2 athletes from the countries intend to take part in the competition, they must comply with the "A", and if it involved only one competitor per country - the standard of «B».