Summer Olympic sports: triathlon
Eventing - this is the most challenging an Olympic equestrian sport. It includes dressage, field trials and overcoming obstacles. Triathlon included in the program of the Summer Olympic Games 2012 in London. Competitions are held in Greenwich Park from 28 to 31 July, involving 75 athletes.
Eventing first included in the Olympic Games in 1912. It took cavalry officers involved. These events showed how drill horses are ready to take part in hostilities and military parades, tested their skills and physical fitness. Currently Eventing competitions usually take place a few days. First, the participants demonstrate the art of riding in an arena. Perform simple exercises that are evaluated on 10-point scale. Then calculated the amount of points for this competition, penalty points for errors, and time expired. On the second day was the most difficult part of the equestrian triathlon - field tests. During the competition riders must pass a distance over rough terrain, consisting of four segments. The first section (A) of the horse must pass a variable gait. This rider is necessary to calculate a speed of movement of the horse to retain its strength and it does not exceed the reference time of passage of this segment (for which penalty points). Then participants are steeplechase portion (B). Horses must overcome the obstacles without hitting them. The distance on the interval (C) is required to pass the same way as on the segment (A) - AC gait. The next segment of the path (D) - the cross. In the area about eight kilometers long located on four not to destroy obstacles, they are placed on the steep descents, the turns in the water. For exceeding the time control, fall and disobedience rider penalty points. The final part of the triathlon - Jumping competitions (show jumping). They are held in a special field or in an enclosed arena, depending on weather conditions. Participants must pass all obstacles. It is easy to assemble design height of 120 cm If the horse when skipping their touches -. They are destroyed. At the same time for exceeding the reference time, the horse disobedience, destruction of the obstacles, the horse rider falling or penalty points. In summing up the events of the highest amount of points, which can be obtained in triathlon, deducted points for each contest and added the amount of penalty points. The athlete, who collected for all days of the least number of penalty points of the competition is the winner in the triathlon.