Summer Olympic sports: water polo
For the first time the rules of team play with the ball in the pool formulated Englishman William Wilson. At the same time he was trying to simulate the water analogue rugby. The modern form of the rules of water polo took the 80-th of the XIX century, with the revival of the tradition of the regular Olympic Games rather quickly for the new sport took a permanent place in their program.
The purpose of each of the two teams, including eight players - throw in the opponents' goal more goals than miss in his. The gate length of the three-meter swim in the opposite side of the pool at a distance of no more than 30 meters from each other and rise above the water almost a meter. The rules also strictly regulate the methods of selection of the ball from an opponent, and for violating them are provided 20-second removal - wait out their swimmers in the water in a special corner of the pool. Total playing time - 32 minutes - is divided into four half-time, and the judge, which it counts, stops the stopwatch when the ball is not in play (preparation for the free throws, taking a position after the goal, etc.). The Olympic program this sport appeared very long ago - already in the second year in a row Games in water polo tournament took part 7 teams. However, if not respected the principle of "one country - one team", so, for example, bronze medals were awarded to two French teams. And the first Olympic champions were the representatives of the country-the founder of the sport - the British defeated the Belgians in the final. At the III Summer Olympics water polo tournament was considered a trade fair - it is attended by several US teams. And starting from the following games, held in 1908 in London, such competitions are held regularly. Women won the right to speak at the Summer Games in the sport only a hundred years after the debut of water polo at the Olympics - the first women's tournament was held in 2000 in Sydney. In that year, the two Russian teams have achieved medals - women won bronze medals, while men have conceded in the final match the team of Hungary. At the next Olympics, our men also visited the podium no - they won bronze medals. Other awards in the sport we do not, and in an active men's team of the USSR 7. dominate as in the sport of Hungarian Olympians - they are nine times and became the first of three times occupied the other two steps of the Olympic podium.