Summer Olympics 1968 in Mexico City
The decision to hold XIX Olympic Games in Mexico, the International Olympic Committee adopted at its 60th session in Baden-Baden, in October 1963. Participants had four. In addition to Mexico City, the title of the XIX Olympiad capital claimed by Detroit, Lyon and Buenos Aires. Mexican capital won 30 votes.
At the XIX Olympic Games for the first time a lot. The first Games were held in Latin America. The first alpine region was selected. Long before the start of the competition went to Mexico "sports scouts" from different countries, especially the coaches and doctors who wanted to see how unusual conditions affect the health of athletes and the results of competitions. Mexico City is located at an altitude of 2240m above sea level, and this could not affect the balance of power. Despite heated debate, in Mexico City, came a record number of Olympic athletes. The competition was attended by 5531 athlete. His delegation sent to 112 countries. Some countries have formed the first Olympic team. Among the newcomers were not only African and Asian countries, but also with neighboring Nicaragua, Mexico, El Salvador and Paraguay. The development of telecommunications has reached a serious level by 1968, and were able to watch the match at the same time the people all over the world. This, too, was a kind of record. Olympics opened October 12, 1968. Opening Day was chosen. On this day in 1492, the Latin American continent, Christopher Columbus arrived. Olympic flame lit woman - Enriketta Basilio Sotelo. This, too, was a novelty. A few days before the ceremony in Mexico City was a demonstration of student organizations wishing to influence the policy of the authorities. However, political events did not affect the results. At the XIX Summer Olympic Games it has been found a huge amount of the highest achievements. 78 Olympic records were registered, and 28 of them were above the world. The most pleasant surprises gave their fans athletes. They found 30 Olympic records, 14 of which were better than the higher world achievements. The result in the women's 400m hurdles improved once a second. Six pole vaulter broke the 17m height. Excellent results have also shown swimmers and weightlifters. First established 23 Olympic records, the second - 18. The excellent results achieved arrows and cyclists. Total 110 sets of medals in 22 kinds of sports have been played in Mexico City. In the unofficial team competition the US team won, won 107 medals, 45 of which - the highest standard. The Soviet team also performed well, was 91 award, including 29 gold in her piggy bank. Third place with 25 awards won Japanese athletes.