Where were the Summer Olympic Games in 1952
The capital of the XV Olympic Summer Games was the capital of Finland - Helsinki. In Helsinki, the plan had to take the Olympic Games in 1940. By this time, it was built all the main sports facilities and the Olympic Village, but began in 1939. The Second World War brought about changes. Only 12 years later the sport was back in Helsinki.
The grand opening of the Olympic Games took place on July 19th. Thousands of people welcomed the great Finnish runner Paavo Nurmi, who was entrusted with the right to light the Olympic flame at the stadium. For the first time at the games attended by representatives of 49 countries. All in all competitions attended by 4925 athletes. It was the first Olympic record of those games. For us, particular importance is the fact that the Games in Helsinki became the first Olympic Games for which the team was invited to the Soviet Union. Besides Soviet athletes at the Games in 1952 debuted the representatives of Ghana, South Vietnam, Bahamas, Israel, Germany, Thailand, Indonesia, Nigeria, Hong Kong, Guatemala and the Netherlands Antilles. In the games were played 149 sets of medals in 17 sports. In the unofficial medal standings Soviet athletes, Olympics debutant, shared the first place with the US athletes. Confronting the strongest teams of the USSR and the United States intensified wrestling. Suffice it to say that within one day of competition the world record in long jump was updated 30 times. It is with this game started a confrontation in the arena of the two political systems. Gradually in this struggle involved all the sports power. In Soviet athletes exerted enormous pressure given the complex political situation of that time. For the loss of the 1/8 finals of Yugoslavia team, the football team of the USSR was severely punished, and CDSA team is the basis of the USSR Olympic team in football, it was completely dismantled and all the players were forced to go to other clubs. Despite this pressure, the Soviet athletes were more than worthy. The real hero of the Olympics was the famous Soviet gymnast Viktor Chukarin. At the time of the competition he turned 31 years old, was behind the war and Nazi prisoner, but that does not prevent him from becoming the first absolute Olympic champion in gymnastics in the history of the USSR. But the first in the history of Soviet sport Olympic medal was awarded to the famous discus thrower Nina Romashkova (Ponomareva). In total, those games Soviet athletes won 71 medals, including 22 medals of the highest dignity. Olympic Games 1952 in Helsinki, famous for one fun fact. They entered the history of the Olympic Movement as a game that has not been closed. August 3 at the closing ceremony of the games IOC President Sigfrid Engström said oration, but forgot to say the final phrase ascribed Charter: "I declare the XV Olympic Games closed." Olympics in Helsinki lasted two weeks, but was not completed until now.