Winter Olympic Sport: Short Track
Short track - short track. This winter Olympic sport, it is relatively young. Short Track arose because special skating stadium with a track length of 400 meters are very rare, and the usual hockey box for these races. At the beginning of the twentieth century in North America appeared democratic race skating - short track.
The International Skating Union has recognized the short track individual sport in 1967, although the competition is not organized until 1976. At the Olympics in Calgary in 1988, this type of skating was revealing, not the medals were played. Over the next Winter Olympics short track entered in the program. In 1992, in Vancouver, played eight sets of medals. With white XVII Olympiad program includes six competitions: the individual championship in the race for 500 and 1,000 meters for men and women relay at 3000 meters for women and 5,000 meters - in men. Oval skating rink is 111, 12 meters. skater's costume consists of a jumpsuit, helmet shields on the knees and shins, gloves. Simultaneously start 4-8 athlete. Ice necessary to restore almost after each race, as the steps are obtained by frequent and aggressive. Very often in short track drop, the speed at which the participants come out of the turn, large and not all cope with it. During relay athletes change each other at any site where they are needed, but not on the last two quarters. Participants include not more than five athletes from each team. Athletes can push, thereby accelerating their comrades. You can change and on the last lap in the relay race of the fallen member. Terms of short track is very hard, because the race takes place in a close group, where he held the struggle tactics and skill. It does not interfere with other athletes, cut the distance, cross the road faster participant to throw his leg far forward before the finish line, pushing the athlete from their team (except for the hand-over), to collude with other skaters. For violation threatens disqualification. If an athlete walked the whole circle, he is obliged to give way to overtake. Currently, short-track because of its accessibility bypasses most popular classic skates