Winter Olympic sports: luge
Luge hit the Olympic program rather late. It happened in 1964 in Innsbruck. Since then, the competition for this type carried out at all Winter Olympics. During the competition the athletes descend from the mountains on the prepared track on the single or double sled. No steering devices on sports sleigh no. Luge runs his "vehicle", changing the position of the body.
Going down on a sled from the slopes of the mountain inhabitants of the country were able to always. However, the history Luge began in 1883, when fans of this kind from different countries gathered in Switzerland and spent the first international competition. International Federation came three decades after the event and lasted 22 years and then joined the Federation of Bobsleigh and Toboggan. The decision to switch was made in the early 50-ies in the program of the Winter Olympic Games. luge competitions were replaced by skeleton competitions. In 1955, the first World Cup, and two years later finally took shape International Luge Federation, which exists to this day. Participants go to the start sequence. The time during which the next athlete starts to descend after his predecessor left off the track, set the rules. The winner is the one who will take the course in the shortest time. The order determined by a draw the first start, the sequence of statements in the following races - the results of previous ones. Final time is the sum of the results of several races. the results of the four races are summed up in the single digits, in pairs - two. From the very beginning in the Olympic program were three types of events: men's and women's singles and men's doubles. The program of the 2014 Olympic Games will also team relay when the Singles and couples from one team will go to the start one after the other. The national Olympic team may enter 10 athletes - 7 men and 3 women. In singles competition team by 3 athlete in each category, in pairs - 2 crew. There are age limits: the Olympic competition the athletes are not allowed under the age of 16 years. One of the conditions of the competition - the athlete must not lose on the road, and the sled to reach the finish with them. Otherwise, the participant is removed from the competition. At the same time it may be a break in the passing distance. If an athlete down or stopped, it can once again sit on the sled and continue with the route. In luge, there are many restrictions. Regulation is governed by the sled design and weight. During competitions also weighed the athlete and his equipment, including a jumpsuit, helmet, gloves and shoes. Olympic luge competitions are held on artificial tracks. Wooden or concrete base covered with ice, the temperature of which is often supported by an artificially. The route length of 800 to 1200m should contain between 11 and 18 bends with a minimum radius of 8m. Also regulate the height difference, which is 70-120m, and the width of the trough from 130 to 150cm.