Winter Olympics 1952 in Oslo
Venue of the Olympic Games for the first time determined by voting members of the International Olympic Committee, and not by the meeting. In addition, this is the first Winter Games, which took place in a crowded European capital, which gave the competition a great solemnity.
Winter Olympics 1952 in great interest of the audience, as Norway - is the undisputed leader in winter sports. teams of 30 countries participated in the competition. For the first time in the Games athletes New Zealand and Portugal arrived. Team Germany and Japan had been made, the GDR team refused to participate. The Soviet Union became a member of the IOC just a year before the Olympics, and this, for fear of poor results, the sports management sent only observers to Norway. By the beginning of the Games the Norwegians built a modern bobsled track, a huge stadium "Bislett" and revolutionized the famous ski jump "Holmenkollen". a unique indoor ice skating rink "Jordan Amphi" was opened in the eastern part of Oslo, which is the international requirements for holding tournaments in ice hockey. With the construction of the central sports arena several technical improvements were introduced. Commenters were supplied with modern equipment. The northern part of the floor was given to reporters and had a desk with a telephone. Under the stands has a modern medical center. Another technological novelty of these games is the use of computers to calculate estimates for the skaters. It has been played 22 sets of medals in eight sports - bobsleigh, skiing and speed skating, Nordic combined, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, ice hockey and figure skating. At the Games, 52 were first held competitions among skiers in the 10 km race, which won the Finn Lydia Wideman. Bandy was held as a demonstration event. The hero of the Olympics became a skater Hjalmar Andersen of Norway, who won three gold medals. On two gold won the American skier Andrew Lawrence Meade and German bobsledder Andreas Ostler. In the team event won the hosts competitions in which the asset was 16 medals, including 7 gold, 3 silver and 6 bronze. The honorable second place was taken by the Americans with 11 medals, is located on the third team in Finland.