How To Conduct Psychological Counseling | Psychology



How to conduct psychological counseling

Counselling is an organized discussion on any topic in which the client and the professional psychologist together understand the problem and find the best way to resolve it. To consultation went smoothly, it is important to properly organize it.

How to conduct psychological counseling

Instruction how to conduct psychological counseling

Step 1:

Provide all the necessary conditions for a comfortable communicating. Psychological counseling requires the client to a certain sincerity and willingness to let a psychologist in private spheres of their lives. Therefore it is very important that the client is in a comfortable environment. Avoid rooms with bright light or, conversely, too dark. Cabinet for consultation should be well isolated from external sounds, so that the client is not distracted by extraneous noise and, on the other hand, is not afraid to be heard by someone else.

Step 2:

Prepare for your meeting with the customer. If possible, examine his own business before the meeting itself will take place. Find out about his family, work, consultations with other doctors, if they were. Ask the client to complete the test at home and bring it to you the day before the scheduled consultations. Then you will have time to analyze the material and work out the best strategy to communicate.

Step 3:

Carefully listen to the customer. Find garrulous narrator is much easier than a good listener, so people are constantly lack focus. Referring to a psychologist, a person expects to at least be heard. The ability to speak out, in itself, is part of any therapy: the relationship between speech and thinking is much stronger than is often imagined. Verbally making out his thought, one begins to look differently at the problem, which often helps him solve it.

Step 4:

Do not impose your opinions. The task of the professional psychologist - does not solve the problem for a man of his, and help him to figure the difficulties encountered. It is important that the client came to certain decisions and was willing to be responsible for the selection.

Step 5:

Build your communication on the principle of dialogue. Its essence - not in the alternate exchange of remarks, and in the inner understanding and recognition of the rights of each of the participants in the conversation on the possession of personal freedom and self-determination. Communication should be two-way and be based on mutual respect, otherwise the consultation loses meaning. Psychologist should not just wait on customer transparency, but also to be prepared psychologically to open, not allowing to put pressure on yourself, but without exerting pressure himself. Just in case, if the psychologist and the client will make an equal contribution to solving the problem, the conversation will be effective.