What are the Olympics
Originating in ancient Greece, the Olympic Games did not differ initially large scale and broad participation. Not too many sports and was presented in the first Olympics. With the revival of the Olympic Movement in the XIX century the situation has changed. Today the Olympic Games are held on a regular basis and include both summer and winter sports.
At its core, the Olympic Games are sports competitions of international scope, which are held at regular intervals. In ancient times, these games became a national holiday, at the time of forgotten feuds and quarrels, but with the advent of Christianity, the Olympics have become a sign of paganism and gradually fade away. The forgotten tradition of the Olympics, which existed in ancient Greece, revived through the efforts of Baron Pierre de Coubertin, who became an active promoter of international competitions of athletes from around the world. The modern Olympic movement has become an integral part of world culture. Large sports complex featuring the stars of world sport are held regularly every four years. First Olympic Games were exceptionally summer. Only in 1924 were added to the Winter Olympics. Until the mid 90-ies of the last century, the "white" of the Olympics were held in the same year with the summer games, after which they were shifted by two years for reasons of convenience preparation for this important event. Every Olympic Games has its own number, and the account is from the first Olympic Games, held in 1896. Summer Olympics assigned a number, even if they were not carried out due to objective reasons. So it was, for example, during the Second World War, when they had to pass the XII and XIII Olympic Games. But the numbering of the Winter Olympic games missed considered. A crucial moment in the organization of the Olympic Games - the choice of their venues. As a rule, the International Olympic Committee grants the right to carry out such large-scale events are not a country, but a particular city. This competition is usually involved several cities, each of which, together with the National Olympic Committee of a particular country thoroughly protect "their" candidate, presenting authoritative commission weighty arguments. Since the 60s of the last century in the Olympic movement there is another type of competition - the so-called Paralympic Games. They traditionally participate athletes with certain restrictions on health. Typically, these competitions for persons with disabilities are normal after the Olympic Games and at the same arenas. Paralympians compete with each other both in summer and in winter. Paralympic Games demonstrate that even serious physical impairment may not be an obstacle for the high sport achievements, if a person has faith in himself and the will to win.