East European Plain: Highlights
East European Plain, which lie at the foundation of iron ore, coal, natural gas, oil and other helpful resources, is a real pantry Russia. And its rich fertile soil can easily feed all Russians.Geographical characteristics of the East European Plain East European (it is Russian) Plain is the second most extensive areas in the world, second only to the Amazon region. It is classified as a low plain. From the north the area is washed by the Barents Sea and the White Sea, in the south - the Sea of Azov, the Caspian and Black. In the west and southwest of the plain adjacent to the mountains of Central Europe (the Carpathians, the Sudetes, etc.), in the northwest - with the Scandinavian mountains to the east - with the Urals and Mugodzhary, and in the south-east - with the Crimean mountains and Caucasus. The length of the East European Plain from east to west is about 2,500 km from north to south - about 2750 km, the area is 5.5 million square kilometers.. The average height - 170 m, the maximum recorded in the Khibiny (mountain Yudychvumchorr) on the Kola peninsula - 1191 m, minimum height is marked on the coast of the Caspian Sea, it has a minus value is -27 m on the territory of the plains are completely or partially, the following countries: Belarus, Kazakhstan. , Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Russia, Ukraine and Estonia. Russian plain almost completely coincides with the East-European platform, which explains its relief with a predominance of planes. This geographical location has very few earthquakes and volcanic activity manifestations. Such relief was formed due to tectonic movements and fractures. Platform deposits on this plain lie almost horizontally, but they are sometimes more than 20 km of power. Elevations in this area are rare and mostly are ridges (Donetsk, Timan, etc.) in these areas folded basement appears on the surface. Hydrographic characteristics of the East European Plain As for hydrography, the East European Plain can be divided into two parts. Most of the plain water has an outlet to the ocean. The western and southern rivers belong to the basin of the Atlantic Ocean, and the North - the Arctic. From the northern rivers of the Russian Plain are: Mezen, Onega, Pechora and the Northern Dvina. The western and southern waterways flow into the Baltic Sea (Wisla, Western Dvina, Neva Neman, etc.), as well as in the Black (Dnieper, Dniester and Southern Bug) and the Sea of Azov (Don). The climatic characteristics of the East European Plain, on the East European Plain is dominated by a temperate continental climate. Summer average recorded temperature ranged from 12 (near the Barents Sea) to 25 degrees (in the Caspian Lowland). Winter highest average temperatures are observed in the West, where the winter around -3 degrees. In Komi, this value - down to -20 degrees. In the south-eastern plains of rainfall falls to 400 mm in the west during the year - 800 mm. Natural areas of the Russian Plain changes from tundra in the north to semi-desert in the south.