How to distinguish the verbal adjective from the participle
In linguistic literature there is a different approach for communion. He is considered as either a verb form, either as an independent part of speech or incorporated into an adjective. But the tradition of the sacrament is called a special form of the verb. Verbal adjective on its face like a sacrament. But they need to differentiate, because it affects the accuracy of spelling and morphological analysis.
Instruction how to distinguish between a verbal adjective from the participle
Remember the definition of "Communion - a special form of the verb, which is not conjugated and represents a sign on action (Procedure topic)." Therefore, the sacrament may be replaced by turnover with the verb from which it is formed. For example, built a house - a house that is built.
Demarcates the verbal adjective and the present participle real time - have a dependent word. For example: brilliant (? From what) eyes with joy - the sacrament; - Adjective can be replaced by another adjective. For example: brilliant (communion) with joy eyes - bright (adjective) speeches (brilliant performances - magnificent, spectacular, successful, excellent); - The terms are always adjectives (typewriter); - It does not reduce the particle verb, so the word is used in the role of an adjective (unsuitable conditions - adjective).
Distinguish real adjective and past participle: - communion on -SHY often turn into adjectives (last year - an adjective); - Communion, which are formed from bases intransitive perfective verbs acquire qualitative value and are verbal adjectives. For example: extinct (die out of - intransitive verb perfect form, adjective) eye, but an extinct (communion) fire.
Demarcates the verbal adjective and passive participle of the present time (on -MY): - the word is an adjective, if formed from the verb of the type and on the intransitive verbs imperfective; - The word is a sacrament, if formed from a transitive verb imperfective; - If there is a dependent word in the instrumental case (subject), the most important thing is Communion. For example: unloved (adjective) toys, not your favorite (communion) child (subject) toys.
Distinguish adjective and passive participle of the past tense: - if the word can be replaced by the verb, without changing the essence of the phrase, and substitute the word dependent in instrumental case, it is the sacrament (Fine reserves - find reserves, fine (whom) the chief of reserves?); - If you can substitute another adjective to apply the degree of comparison or from the word adverb in -o, this adjective (exquisite manners - manners noble, extremely refined manners, refined); - Feature adjective in a figurative sense (open (passive participle of the past tense suffix -m-) door - open (adjective) person).
Write with -N- and -NN-: -N- adjectives formed from imperfective verbs without dependent word (knitted cap); -NN- In participles formed from imperfective verbs, with the dependent word (crochet hat); -NN- In participles formed from perfective verbs (associated (associate) jacket); -NN- In verbal adjectives formed from imperfective verbs to -OVA-, -EVA- (pickled (pickling) cucumbers).