Man as a philosophical problem
The problem of human nature, its origin, destination, the meaning of life, attracted and continues to attract the attention of the philosophers of all time. Obeying the laws of biological, ie, actually being a creature related to the animal world, it is - at the same time support the two opposites - body and soul. It is impossible to deny that society has a very significant influence on the formation of personality, but the man always retains some properties do not depend on the habitat.
Despite the fact that man is essentially a body-material system, and in his life, of course, there are the instincts, the behavior of humans and animals differ fundamentally. With consciousness and speech, man behaves accordingly to create a community of people value system. His biological instincts governed by the laws that have arisen under the influence of the same human community, whereas the behavior of animals and biological instinctive reflexes due to the system. It is no exaggeration to say that "bodily" dimension is just as important for a person, as well as spiritual. And health is the highest value for him. As he wrote Schopenhauer "nine-tenths of our happiness is based on health ... even subjective benefits: the quality of the mind, the soul, temperament - with morbid condition weaken and fade ... ". However, very many are the examples of the triumph of the spirit over physical infirmities. And the most famous - great creativity: music terminally ill Grieg and Beethoven lost his hearing, the works of the philosopher and thinker Kant, Nietzsche seriously sick, etc. Natural data, however, are very important to humans. They largely determine the possibility of intellectual development and the attitude to creativity. Despite all the above, the essence of man is one and indivisible. And its main quality is the free will that allows him to choose their own destiny. Man is able to overcome life's circumstances that prevent the realization of his own life program. Dominating the circumstances, he becomes truly free. Absolute freedom, however, does not and can not. However, the individual may feel free even in extremely straitened circumstances. This is its strength. Eternal problem and tragedy - the search for the meaning of life. Man is mortal and dies, ceases to exist, not only biological shell, but also the person as a whole. The value of life especially vividly realized against the background of death. It is human mortality can be explained by the appeal of religion, which gives hope to the righteous souls. Man realizes that violating the laws of morality, he would condemn himself to eternal torment. However, for the sake of earthly suffering of bliss after death diminish the value of life. The theme of death - an inexhaustible source of inspiration in the works, it helps to treat the wiser life. The value of each human life lies in its originality and uniqueness. A tragedy - in the limbs, death. Man looking for meaning of life, limb aware of its existence. Can he judge the infinite world of finite resources? Perhaps all human attempts to explain and change the world - basically erroneous. And to this day for the person the most interesting object of study is himself. "There is really you, and in you; find yourself in yourself, subjecting themselves to themselves and possess the other, - and behold the truth. Not in things is this truth, is not out of thee, nor the sea somewhere, but first of all in your own work over them. " (Fyodor Dostoevsky. Full cit. Op. T. 26).