What Are Lipids | The Science

 

 

The Science

What are lipids

Lipids (fats and fat-like substances) are necessary for us to manufacture and supply of many resources that are in demand in different sectors of human activity. The lipids are present in the human body, playing there is an important, multi-functional role.

What are lipids

Lipids - a natural organic compounds in which the group includes fats and fat-like substances (Greek lipos - fat). The composition of the simple lipid include fatty acid and alcohol; in the complex - alcohol, high molecular weight fatty acids and other substances. Lipids are a mandatory part of all living cells, participating in many vital processes. Plant lipids contained in the seeds and fruit. In animals and humans mammals lipids are concentrated in the layer of subcutaneous fat and glands. High percentage of lipids in the milk. Lipids such as vegetable oils and animal fats are used as food as well as for the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Lipids are used in industry, household chemicals, and many other sectors of the economy. In the human body lipids form a reserve of energy, provide a waterproof and thermal insulation properties of the skin, facilitate the transmission of nerve impulses, are a part of hormones and secretions of the sebaceous glands. Lipids transporter involved in cholesterol. Cholesterol contained in a fatty food, absorbed in the small intestine and from there is delivered via the higher lipids to the liver where it is needed, while using a lower lipid - in blood vessels. The cholesterol blood vessels not only not necessary, but is harmful and dangerous: it promotes the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular system. The idea of ​​scientists was the following way: it is necessary to reduce the amount of lipids in the body lower to cholesterol did not reach the vessel. antagonists lower lipid - statin drugs have been established. But further research showed that statins destroys liver cells. Currently, in order to reduce the lower concentrations of lipids used Antilipids tea at the same time increase the amount of higher lipid. As a result, cholesterol, trapped in the body with food, enters the liver, but does not reach the vessel. The risk of developing atherosclerosis is significantly reduced. Produced by the tea Tianshi on Chinese traditional medicine recipes. However, long-term effects of this tea has not been studied in Russia.