What is a pleonasm
Philologists and linguists emit a lot of phenomena in modern speech. One of them - a pleonasm. Although every person every day for a variety of times encountered instances of its use, that is a pleonasm knows not everyone.
The term "pleonasm" used mainly philologists, linguists, literary critics. It is derived from the Greek word πλεονασμός, translated as excess. In fact, the pleonasm is an explicit or implicit sense duplication in the various elements of written or spoken language. There are syntactic and semantic pleonasm. They differ in the context of the use and form of the phenomenon. Syntactic pleonasm occurs due to excessive consumption of service parts of speech. As a rule, the language constructs containing syntactic pleonasm, quite correct. However, they could be built more easily and concisely. As a result, their perception of reading can sometimes be described as "heavy". For example, the meaning of the phrase "I know - it is bad" and "I know it's bad," the same. However, excessive use of the particle "that" in the second sentence can be considered pleonaticheskim. The semantic pleonasm somewhat more versatile than syntactical. As an individual of its species was isolated, in particular, perissologiyu and verbosity. The essence of the phenomenon is the same - the speech redundancy. However perissologiya is due to the implicit inclusion of the meaning of certain words or phrases in the other ( "the balloon flew up into the sky"), and verbosity - to include in the proposals or words of phrases that do not increase the overall meaning ( "on the road in the direction of the city was driving the car "). At first glance, pleonasm can be described as a stylistic flaw, adversely affecting the speech as a whole. However, this is not the case. Pleonasm often deliberately used both in writing and in speech, making it more vivid, imaginative, persuasive, and sonorous. Special emotional Pleonasm give works of Russian folklore, bringing them a unique flavor and melodiousness. Such momentum as "Dorozhen'ka-path", "sadness, melancholy" and "letushko-Summer" is well known to almost anyone.