What Is Ergonomics | The Science

 

 

The Science

What is ergonomics

Ergonomics - very important for the modern world science. Its effort is to produce a work or a product most efficiently, at a cost of a minimum of energy. Questions of comfort, the correct organization of labor and human environment - these are issues of ergonomics.

What is ergonomics

Ergonomics - a scientific discipline that deals with the study of human interaction and all sorts of objects that surround it. Its purpose is to identify the principles of design and construction of elements of the environment in such a way that they are comfortable and fit for human use. No wonder the ergonomics are also called "human factor". The term is derived from two Latin words: ergon (work) and nomos (law, knowledge). We can say that the ergonomics methods evaluated various aspects of human activity in order to harmonize them with the most physical abilities, skills and needs of the person. This discipline covers all areas of activity. It allows us to consider all the processes, including physical, mental, social and organizational as an integrated system. Therefore, a person who deals with ergonomics, should be well erudite in all these areas. Typically, these specialists work in their subject area, for example, are very important for their services in the production of furniture and interior items. At the same time they must take into account in their work by many factors, not directly related to the subject area. Ergonomics as a science has some basic ways of development, each of which are deeply considering the specific sphere of human interactions reveal its features. The main areas of ergonomics today are the physical, cognitive and organizational. Physical ergonomics deals with the study of biomechanical, physiological and anatomical characteristics of the person, as well as how they affect the physical behavior. It is the industry considers and studies the work postures, various kinds of physical labor, workplace safety, proper layout of objects indispensable to their professional activity, as well as the types of work that cause musculoskeletal system disorders. Cognitive, or thinking, ergonomics deals with various mental processes such as perception, learning, reasoning, memory, motor response and generation of an other. An important task it is to identify the interactions between cognitive processes mechanisms. Mental load, move the decision-making, professional types of mental stress - they are also studied in this kind of ergonomics. Organizational ergonomics is committed to orders, and improves the structure of socio-technical systems. These include policy, organization of human society, and other similar forms of organization. Questions that aims to solve organizational ergonomics - this optimization of working time management, the establishment of processes such as remote work organization, effective quality management.