What Is The Greenhouse Effect | The Science

 

 

The Science

What is the greenhouse effect

In the last decade, the phenomenon of the greenhouse effect is quite widely covered by the media, causing people to think about their relationship to the planet. But the greenhouse effect is not only negative consequences.

What is the greenhouse effect

The phenomenon of the greenhouse effect was first described and justified by Joseph Fourier in the middle of the 19th century, and it represents an increase in the temperature of the lower layers of the atmosphere due to the energy release from the gases heating (mainly carbon dioxide and water vapor). The positive impact on the greenhouse effect is manifested in the life of the planet maintaining the temperature on the surface at which it originated and to life evolved. In the absence of this phenomenon on the earth's surface temperature would be much lower. But for many reasons greenhouse gas concentration increases, and therefore the atmosphere becomes low permeability for infrared rays. Because of this, on the earth's surface temperature rises, which could in time lead to negative consequences. The climate is changing, and the average annual temperature is increasing with ever greater pace. Scientific studies have repeatedly confirmed that the main factor in the increase of the greenhouse effect is human activity. This intense burning of oil, gas, coal, widespread drainage water, deforestation and industrial activity. As a result of climate change, which leads to unpleasant consequences, and bad for humanity itself. First of all, this change in the intensity of precipitation (in arid areas they will be even less in the wet - on the contrary). Melting glaciers will lead to rising sea levels, flooding coastal areas and islands, and habitat alteration will destroy up to 2/3 of plant and animal species. Victims and agriculture. For the human body the consequences of the greenhouse effect is also negative. High temperatures lead to an exacerbation of cardiovascular disease, they also spread the unusual insects (Anopheles mosquitoes, etc.) in regions where immune to their bites are not developed. Problems in the food will cause hunger in low-income areas. Unfortunately, the full stop and eliminate the consequences of long-term increases in temperature fail. But mankind has the power to reduce the intensity of the main causes of the greenhouse effect. So, to reduce the likelihood of possible dire consequences by reducing the production and consumption of fossil fuels, the introduction of energy saving measures, the development and introduction of new environmentally friendly production methods, reforestation, capable of absorbing carbon dioxide in large quantities.