Who was the first female astronaut in China
June 16, 2012 from the territory of China launched the spacecraft with the first in the history of the country's female astronaut. Date of the event was chosen for a reason: it was on this day in 1963 flew into space first in the USSR and in the world woman cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova.
Instruction who became the first female astronaut in China
Peoples Republic of China has become a space power in 1999. First launched in China with a spacecraft named "Shenzhou-1" was largely copied from the Soviet "Soyuz". As the next four Chinese ship, also wearing the name "Shenzhou" (but with other rooms), it was unmanned.
The history of manned space flight in China began in 2003 launching the spacecraft "Shenzhou-5". The only member of the crew (taikonaut) was a man named Yang Liwei. But even then, it was promised that in the near future in space and visit a Chinese woman. This initiative was immediately supported by an organization called "China Women's Federation."
In July 2004, the leadership of the Air Force of China 35 women were selected for training for a space flight. It is planned to be completed by 2009. At the end of training, it was announced that further competition will be held exactly half of the participants. Information on their biographies rather scarce, but we know that they are all the time worked by pilots of fighter jets.
The first Chinese female astronaut Liu Yang became (Liu Yand), was born in Henan Province in October 1978. His flying career began in 1997, joining the ranks of the Chinese Air Force. By the time of the flight she managed to get the rank of Major, and get married, but the children in her family yet.
Launching a spacecraft "Shenzhou-9" on 16 June 2012. In addition to Liu Yang, a part of the crew included two male astronauts: Jing Haipeng and Liu Wang. The next day the ship docked to the laboratory module "Tiangong-1". This is the first visit to this module people: before him in November 2011, docks only experimental drone named "Shenzhou-8". The undocking and returning crew of "Shenzhou-9" on the ground is scheduled for July 1, 2012.